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October 14, 2014

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Russian-American Project Second Line of Defense (now in English), by Nikolai Kravchenko and Vladimir Rybachenkov (a presentation at US-Russia Forum 2014, Moscow, September 8-9, 2014

On the role of nuclear weapons in modern world, interview with Eugene Miasnikov, The Voice of Russia (in Russian), August 29, 2014

Global Nuclear Zero As A Multilateral Minimum Deterrence Concept — A View From Russia, by Vladimir Rybachenkov, presentation at the International Conference "The Arab Spring As A Complicating And Enabling Factor For The Helsinki Conference (Nicosia, June 12-14 2014)

Statement by Eugene Miasnikov at the Deep Cuts Report Presentation, Brookings Institution, Washington D.C., April 28, 2014

Deep Cuts Commission Report Deep Cuts Commission Releases its First Report, April 28, 2014

Disposition of Excess Weapon Grade Plutonium: New Developments, by Anatoli Diakov and Vladimir Rybachenkov, January 16, 2013

Looking Back: The U.S.-Russian Uranium Deal: Results and Lessons, by Aleksandr Pavlov and Vladimir Rybachenkov, Arms Control Today, December 2013

Status and Prospects for Russia's Fuel Cycle, by Anatoli Diakov, Science & Global Security, 21, no. 3, 2013

Strategic Stability and Missile Defense — a View from Russia, by Vladimir Rybachenkov, presentation at the International conference "Arms Control and Strategic Stability", Beijing, August 8-9, 2013

On Conversion of Research Reactors in Russia, by Anatoli Diakov, August 10, 2013

The Role of Nuclear Weapons in Global Politics and Maintaining Russias Security (in Russian), by Eugene Miasnikov, remarks at the International Summer School on Global Security, organised by PIR-Center, Abramtsevo, Russia, July 3, 2013

HEU-LEU Project: a Success Story of Russian-US Nuclear Disarmament Cooperation, by Aleksandr Pavlov and Vladimir Rybachenkov, June 5, 2013

Strategic Nuclear Forces: Goals and Possible New Arms Control Measures (now in English), by Eugene Miasnikov, remarks at the CENESS-ACA-BASIC-IFSH workshop on prospects for Russia-US arms control, Moscow, May 29, 2013

The Air-Space Threat to Russia (now in English) by Eugene Miasnikov, a chapter from the book Missile Defense: Confrontation and Cooperation (ed. by Alexei Arbatov and Vladimir Dvorkin, Carnegie Moscow Center, 2013) May 16, 2013

Non-strategic Nuclear Weapons in Europe: Possible Scope and Conditions for Information Sharing, Transparency Measures and Verification, by Eugene Miasnikov, Working paper for The Warsaw Workshop: Prospects for information sharing and confidence building on Non-Strategic Weapons in Europe, Warsaw, Poland, 7-8 February, 2013 (PDF)

Counterforce Capabilities of Conventional Strategic Arms, by Eugene Miasnikov, Presentation at ISODARCO XXVI Winter Course "New Military Technologies: Implications for Strategy and Arms Control", Andalo, Italy, 6-13 January, 2013 (PDF, slides)

Non-State Actors and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, by Eugene Miasnikov, Presentation at ISODARCO XXVI Winter Course "New Military Technologies: Implications for Strategy and Arms Control", Andalo, Italy, 6-13 January, 2013 (PDF, slides)

The Missile Technology Control Regime and Strategic Arms Reductions – A View From Russia, by Vladimir Rybachenkov, Presentation at the 11-th UN-RK Joint Conference on Disarmament and Nonproliferation Issues, Jeju (Republic of Korea), December 2-4, 2012

Aerospace Threats to Russia, (in Russian) by Eugene Miasnikov, a chapter from the book Missile Defense: Confrontation or Cooperation (ed. by Alexei Arbatov and Vladimir Dvorkin, Carnegie Moscow Center, 2012) November 30, 2012

Chapters from the book Nuclear Reset: Arms Reduction and Non-Proliferation (ed. by Alexei Arbatov, Vladimir Dvorkin and Natalia Bubnova, Carnegie Moscow Center, 2012), November 30, 2012

An Arctic Nuclear Weapons Free Zone – A View From Russia, by Vladimir Rybachenkov, remarks at a seminar on "Arctic Nuclear Weapons Free Zone – Challenges and Opportunities", Danish Institute of International Studies, Copenhagen, September 26, 2012

Strategic Conventional Arms and Their Impact on the Roles for Nuclear Weapons (in Russian), by Eugene Miasnikov, remarks at the seminar "The Future of Reductions in Nuclear Arsenals: is it Possible to Reduce the Role of Nuclear Weapons?", held by PIR Center and Austrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow, September 20, 2012

Conversion of Research Reactors in Russia, (in Russian), by Anatoli Diakov, June 21, 2012

Bridging the Missile Defense Gap, by Ivanka Barzashka, Timur Kadyshev, Goetz Neuneck, and Ivan Oelrich, International Herald Trubine, May 18, 2012

Strategic Conventional Weapons and Stability, by Eugene Miasnikov, Presentation at the Workshop on Strategic Stability and Arms Control, Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, Beijing, China, April 23, 2012

Prospects for US and Russian Nuclear Cuts In View of NPT Article VI Commitments, (in Russian), by Eugene Miasnikov, Security Index, N 1 (100), Vol 18, Spring 2012

Russian Non-Proliferation Efforts, by Anatoli Diakov, presentation to the students of Non-Proliferation course at the NATO School, Oberammergau, Germany, March 19, 2012

Disposition of Excess Russian Weapon HEU and Plutonium, by Anatoli Diakov, UNIDIR Resources, February, 2012

Tactical Nuclear Weapons, by Vladimir Rybachenkov, remarks at the Carnegie-Ploughshares Workshop "Next Steps in Arms Control", Washington, February 15, 2012

A Russian Perspective On The Future Of Arms Control And Mutual Deterrence, by Vladimir Rybachenkov, text of presentation at the Fourth Annual Nuclear Deterrence Summit, Arlington, VA, USA, February 14-17, 2012

Elements Of The Strategy For Nuclear Power Development And Spent Fuel Management In Russia, by Anatoli Diakov, presentation for the meeting "Spent nuclear fuel reprocessing: An uncertain future" at Japan Association for Arms Control and Disarmament, Tokyo, January 20, 2012

Future Steps on U.S. and Russian Nuclear Arms Reductions, (in Russian), Eugene Miasnikov, remarks at the seminar "Shaping a New Agenda for U.S.-Russian Nuclear Arms Control: Identifying Challenges and Exploring Opportunities," Vienna, January 26-27, 2012

Disposition of Excess Weapon Grade Plutonium - Problems and Perspectives, (now in English), by Vladimir Rybachenkov, January 17, 2012

Interconnection between Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation: Reality or Myth?, (in Russian), Ed. by A. Arbatov, V. Dvorkin, S. Oznobischev, IMEMO RAN, 2011

Disposition of Excess Weapons-Grade Plutonium - Problems and Perspectives, (in Russian), by Vladimir Rybachenkov, December 27, 2011

Time to Protect NATO through Missile Defence Cooperation with, by By Ivanka Barzashka, Timur Kadyshev, Goetz Neuneck, and Ivan Oelrich, European Leadership Network for Multilateral Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation, December 6, 2011

Developing Approaches toward Resolving the Issue of Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons, by Eugene Miasnikov, paper presented at the Roundtable "Improving transparency on tactical nuclear weapons: Building blocks for a NATO-Russia dialogue," Berlin, November 17-18, 2011

Operational Advantages and Risks in the Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, by Eugene Miasnikov, remarks at the Round Table "International Humanitarian Law and New Weapon Technologies," Sanremo, Italy, September 8-10, 2011

Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Proliferation Risks, (in Russian), by Vladimir Rybachenkov, text of a lecture given at the International Course on Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Saint Petersburg, Russia, August 22-25, 2011

How to avoid a new arms race, by By Ivanka Barzashka, Timur Kadyshev, Goetz Neuneck, and Ivan Oelrich, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, July 25, 2011

Nuclear Reductions After New START: Obstacles and Opportunities, by Anatoly Diakov, Eugene Miasnikov, and Timur Kadyshev, Arms Control Today, May 2011 Nuclear Reductions After New START: Obstacles and Opportunities

• How Strategic Anti-Missile Defense of the United States Could be Made to Work, by Prof. Theodore A. Postol, MIT, presentation at Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, March 28, 2011
• The Security Implications of Missile Defense - A Technical Perspective, by Prof. Theodore A. Postol, MIT, presentation at The Institute for Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing, China, March 18, 2011
• The Security Implications of Missile Defense - A Policy Perspective, by Prof. Theodore A. Postol, MIT, presentation at Tsinghua, University, Beijing, China, March 17, 2011

Role of Parliaments in Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation a View from Russia, by Vladimir Rybachenkov, remarks at the Partnership for Peace Workshop, Geneva, March 30 April 1, 2011

Verified Reduction of Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons, (now in English), by Anatoli Diakov, February 18, 2011

Strategic Conventional Arms: Problems and Solutions, (in Russian), by Eugene Miasnikov, February 1, 2011

Conventional Strategic Arms in the New START Treaty and Prospects for their Control and Limitation, by Eugene Miasnikov, remarks at the Round-Table "Nuclear Weapons and Arms Control", FOI, Stockholm, Sweden, January 25, 2011

Assessment of Iran's Weapons Grade Uranium Production Capabilities, (in Russian), by Anatoli Diakov, January 22, 2011

On Prospects of the US-Russian Disarmament Dialogue, (now in English), by Vladimir Rybachenkov, December 2, 2010

Next Steps in U.S.-Russia Arms Reductions, by Eugene Miasnikov, remarks at the Conference "Next Steps in Arms Control: Nuclear Weapons, Missile Defense and NATO", November 8, 2010

Prospects of the US-Russian Arms Control Dialogue, (in Russian), by Vladimir Rybachenkov, November 6, 2010

US and Russian Nuclear Weapons Reductions and the New START Treaty, - in Russian, Eugene Miasnikov, presentation for students of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, October 6, 2010

On the Relationship Between Nuclear and Conventional Strategic Arms in the New START Treaty, (now in English), by Eugene Miasnikov, September 10, 2010

Prospects of the CTBT Ratification by the USA, (in Russian), by Vladimir Rybachenkov, May 27, 2010

Country Perspectives on the Challenges to Nuclear Disarmament: Russia, by Anatoli Diakov and Eugene Miasnikov (a paper from the recent IPFM Report ), May 15, 2010

Missile Threats, BMD and Strategic Balance, (in Russian), by Timur Kadyshev, March 6, 2010

New START Treaty and Further Strategic Nuclear Arms Reductions, (in Russian), by Eugene Miasnikov, March 5, 2010

Remarks on Further Reductions of Nuclear Weapons, by Anatoli Diakov, Timur Kadyshev and Eugene Miasnikov, February 3, 2010
"...Cooperation between USA and Russia in the search of complex solutions to the problems discussed in this article will allow not only to create conditions for the next phase of reductions towards numerically lower levels of their nuclear arsenals, but also to transform relations between the two countries from confrontational to confident and partner-like, which, in turn, will facilitate departure from nuclear deterrence in their bilateral relations."

The nuclear "renaissance" & preventing the spread of enrichment & reprocessing technologies: a Russian view, by Anatoli Diakov (in The Global Nuclear Future, vol. 2), January 9, 2010

Deadly Climate Change From Nuclear War: A threat to human existence, by Steven Starr, December 27, 2009

Challenges and Opportunities for Russia-U.S. Nuclear Arms Control, by Anatoli Diakov and Frank von Hippel, November 19, 2009

Perspectives of Control Over Strategic Nuclear Weapons after 2009, - in Russian, by Eugene Miasnikov, Presentation at the MIPT Interdisciplinary Seminar on October 21, 2009.

Long-Range Precision-Guided Conventional Weapons: Implications for Strategic Balance, by Eugene Miasnikov, September 21, 2009

On Some Aspects of the The Joint Understanding for the START Follow-on Treaty, signed by U.S. and Russian Presidents During the Recent Summit Meeting, - now in English, by Anatoli Diakov and Eugene Miasnikov, August 7, 2009

The U.S.-Russian Nuclear Arms Reduction Dialog: Challenges and Opportunities, by Anatoli Diakov, Presentation to the Berlin Article VI Forum "New Imperatives and Openings for a Nuclear Weapons-Free World", Berlin, January 28-30, 2009

US-Russian Strategic Arms Control After 2009. Room For The Compromise?, - in Russian, by Anatoli Diakov and Eugene Miasnikov, December 4, 2008

Are There Any Prospects For START Replacement?, by Anatoli Diakov and Eugene Miasnikov, March 13, 2008

Gabala Radar: Past, Present, Future, - in Russian, by Yevguenii Aliyev, October 9, 2007

Risks of Nuclear Multipolarity, - in Russian, by Valery Yarynich, October 9, 2007

Prompt Global Strike and START-I Treaty, - in Russian, by Anatoli Diakov and Eugene Miasnikov, September 14, 2007
Prompt Global Strike in the US Strategic Forces Development Plans, - in Russian, by Anatoli Diakov and Eugene Miasnikov, September 14, 2007

Nuclear Arms Reductions and Arms Control in U.S.-Russian Bilateral Relations: Current Status and Future, - in Russian, by Anatoli Diakov, Eugene Miasnikov and Nikolay Sokov, December 27, 2006

Conventional Arms Control and Uncomtrollable Weapons. Azerbaijan - Nagorny Karabakh - Armenia, - in Russian, by Yevguenii Aliyev, November 21, 2006

Conventional Arms Control in Georgia. Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow, - in Russian, by Yevguenii Aliyev, November 1, 2006

ReSTART: The Need for a New U.S.-Russian Strategic Arms Agreement, by Anatoli Daikov and Eugene Miasnikov, September 8, 2006 ReSTART: The Need for a New U.S.-Russian Strategic Arms Agreement

Feasibility of Converting Russian Icebreaker Reactors from HEU to LEU Fuel, (2Mb, pdf file) by Anatoli S. Diakov, Alexander M. Dmitriev, Jungmin Kang, Alexey M. Shuvayev, and Frank N. von Hippel, Science and Global Security, Vol. 14, No. 1 (2006), pp. 33-48

Opinion: Change Launch On Warning Policy, by Alan Phillips and Steven Starr, April 5, 2006.

"...There is no logical reason to maintain Launch on Warning. It is to the equal advantage of both sides even if only one changes its policy to RLOAD, and if both adopt RLOAD then one of the most likely causes of an unintended nuclear war between Russia and the U.S. an accidental war due to a false warning will be eliminated," Phillips and Starr believe.
Opinion: Russian FY 2006 Federal Budget and SORT Treaty by Pyotr Romashkin (November 1, 2005), - in Russian

On September 22, 2005 the State Duma approved in the first reading the draft Federal Law on the FY 2006 Federal Budget.
"...the draft Federal Law on FY Federal Budget does not meet the requirements of the Federal Law on Ratification of the SORT Treaty because it does not provide for priority financing of strategic nuclear forces," Pyotr Romashkin believes.
NSNW. Problems of Control...
Center's Publication: Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons. Problems of Control and Reduction, (by Anatoli Diakov, Eugene Miasnikov and Timur Kadyshev, October, 2003) -- now available in English

The report analyzes place and role of Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons (NSNW) in the Russia's, US and NATO nuclear doctrines, presents assessments of their NSNW arsenals, studies approaches towards problems of control and reductions of NWNS studied, suggests possible approaches to solution of these problems.
The publication includes Foreword by Dr. Alexei Arbatov, Introduction, five Chapters and Conclusions.
The report is addressed to a broad audience - political scientists, military, technical and arms control experts, diplomats and general public, interested in problems of international security.

What's New?

October 14, 2014

September 19, 2014

June 26, 2014

May 5, 2014

  • Statement by Eugene Miasnikov at the Deep Cuts Report Presentation, Brookings Institution, Washington D.C., April 28, 2014

April 28, 2014

January 16, 2013

December 28, 2013

August 18, 2013

August 10, 2013

December 12, 2012

November 30, 2012

October 6, 2012

September 30, 2012

June 21, 2012

May 18, 2012

May 9, 2012

April 28, 2012

March 26, 2012

March 2, 2012

February 7, 2012

January 17, 2012

December 27, 2011

November 27, 2011

September 14, 2011

August 11, 2011

  • How to avoid a new arms race, by By Ivanka Barzashka, Timur Kadyshev, Goetz Neuneck, and Ivan Oelrich, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, July 25, 2011

May 5, 2011

April 10, 2011

February 18, 2011

February 2, 2011

February 1, 2011

January 29, 2011

January 22, 2011

December 2, 2010

November 17, 2010

November 6, 2010

October 18, 2010

September 11, 2010

May 27, 2010

May 16, 2010

March 13, 2010

March 10, 2010

February 3, 2010

January 9, 2010

December 27, 2009

November 19, 2009

October 28, 2009

September 21, 2009

August 7, 2009

February 8, 2009

December 4, 2008

March 13, 2008 Are There Any Prospects For START Replacement?, by Anatoli Diakov and Eugene Miasnikov

February 19, 2008

September 17, 2007

December 27, 2006

November 21, 2006

November 1, 2006

September 18, 2006

April 24, 2006

April 20, 2006

April 5, 2006

November 1, 2005

  • On September 22, 2005 the State Duma approved in the first reading the draft Federal Law on the FY 2006 Federal Budget. Col. Pyotr Romashkin (Ret.), an expert on defense and security issues, gave an exclusive comment to our website site: Russian FY 2006 Federal Budget and SORT Treaty (November 1, 2005).

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U.S.-Russian Relations in Nuclear Arms Reductions: Current State and Prospects
U.S.-Russian Relations in Nuclear Arms Reductions: Current State and Prospects, (Ed. by Anatoli Diakov, Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies, Dolgoprudny, 52 pages, June, 2001)

"...This report is one of the best recently published studies of the process of Russian and U.S. offensive strategic arms reductions..." (Problems of Global Security)

Now available the complete report in Russian (in PDF format, 350 Kb). See also a transcript of the press conference (in Russian) held on July 3rd, 2001 at the National Press Development Institute


Precision Guided Weapons and Strategic Balance, (by Eugene Miasnikov, Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies at MIPT, Dolgoprudny, November, 2000, 43 pages; ill.) See also a transcript of the press conference held on November 22, 2000 at the National Press Development Institute

"...Besides its practical value, the report is also interesting due to the fact that it is one of the first examples of detailed scientific analysis of a complex military-technical problem, made by an independent analytical think-tank. In the long run, efficiency of civil control over military forces depends on whether or not a system of independent expertise is created..." (Nezavisimoye Voyennoye Obozreniye)
Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces
Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces, (edited by Pavel Podvig with contributions from Oleg Bukharin,Timur Kadyshev, Eugene Miasnikov, Pavel Podvig, Igor Sutyagin, Maxim Tarasenko, and Boris Zhelezov, MIT Press, November 2001)

"A veritable treasure trove of information for all students of Russian nuclear weapons and strategic policy questions." -- Sidney D. Drell, Professor Emeritus, Stanford University
Special Section: Submarines And Current Arms Control Challenges

About This Site

The purpose of the StAR Site project is to monitor and facilitate discussions on problems of nuclear reductions in public media, keep up-to-date information on new releases of other arms control organizations.
The issues discussed include strategic stability, ballistic missile defenses development plans, possible steps for further reductions of U.S. and Russian strategic arsenals, future of Russian strategic forces and role for Russian nuclear weapons. We specifically focus on the problems, which exist because of differing approaches of the U.S. and Russia. Our goal is to provide timely and comprehensive coverage of these problems and to help Russian audience to learn the views expressed in the United States and other countries, and respectively - to help Western audience to learn about the Russian views. Many of the listed documents, including the papers by Russian authors, are available in Internet as well as the U.S.- Russian official disarmament agreements. Besides that, you may find this site helpful for search of other sources of information on nuclear disarmament issues.

We'd appreciate your help in informing us about new publications appropriate for mentioning at the STAR Site. Please, fill in this form, if you have suggestions.

The STAR Site is currently maintained by Timur Kadyshev
This site was created by Eugene Miasnikov in 1997 and directed by him until May 2003.

We would like to thank MacArthur Foundation and Ploughshares Fund for support of our Center's research projects.


Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies, 1997-2013.