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Self-propelled Artillery and Mortars:

 


Self-propelled Artillery and Mortars:




2S9 120-mm SELF-PROPELLED HOWITZER/MORTAR (SO-120)

The 120-mm 2S9 Nona-S (Anemone) self-propelled howitzer/mortar was first seen in public in May 1985 and it is an airborne artillery assault vehicle that has been developed to carry out two tactical functions: conventional artillery equipment to replace existing mortars and howitzers and as a direct fire anti-tank weapon system firing HEAT projectiles. The 2S9 has a crew of four; commander, driver/mechanic, gunner and loader. The 2S9 hull is a stretched version of the BMD airborne combat vehicle and is divided into three compartments; the command compartment, the fighting compartment and the engine compartment. The two-man turret is located in the middle of the hull and is of welded steel construction with 16-mm thick frontal armor. The turret roof has two hatches, one for the gunner and the other for the loader. The track is the same as that used on the BMD airborne combat vehicle and the suspension is hydro-pneumatic with an adjustable ground clearance of between 100 and 450-mm. The ground clearance is adjustable by the driver/mechanic from within the vehicle. There are six road wheels each side and five track-return rollers. The 2S9 is armed with a 120-mm breech-loaded mortar (2A60) with a barrel approximately 1.8-m long. The mortar is probably provided with an interrupted-screw breech mechanism and a chamber detent to retain a round in place when the barrel is elevated. Ammunition is fixed and loading is manual, although ramming is automatic. The 120-mm mortar has a rate of fire of 6 to 8 rds/min. In the indirect fire role the mortar fires high explosive, white phosphorous and smoke rounds. Mounted below the turret rear is an ammunition loading hatch and mounted on top of the hull is a device for loading ammunition from the ground directly into the fighting compartment. This allows sustained fire missions to be carried out whilst still retaining onboard ammunition supply. The 2S9 takes 30 seconds to come into action and a similar time to come out of action. When in the firing position the suspension is raised to provide a more stable firing platform. Standard equipment includes an NBC system, night vision equipment and an electric bilge pump. The 2S9 is amphibious and is powered in the water by two water-jets at the rear. Power can be delivered to the water-jets and the track at the same time. When in the water, splash vanes can be erected in front of the driver's position. For air transport the 2S9 can be carried by any former Soviet Military Air Transport (VTA) medium or heavy cargo aircraft. It can be para-dropped from the An-32 `Cline', Il-76 `Candid' or An-22 `Cock' aircraft using the PRSM-915 heavy drop system, from heights between 300 and 1500 m.  


2S23 120-mm SELF-PROPELLED HOWITZER/MORTAR SYSTEM

The 120-mm 2S23 self-propelled howitzer/mortar system is essentially a modified version of the turret used with the 2S9 system mounted on a modified BTR-80 (8 x 8) armored personnel carrier chassis. The all-welded steel turret of the 2S23 does differ from that observed on the 2S9 (SO-120) in a number of areas including the installation of three electrically operated smoke dischargers either side of the turret firing forwards and a raised commander's cupola towards the rear of the turret on the left side which overhangs the side of the turret. On the 2S23 the infra-red searchlight is mounted on the forward part of the commander's cupola which is also provided with vision devices. Forward of the cupola is a 7.62-mm pintle-mounted machine gun. The turret is also provided with vision blocks for direct observation. The 120-mm main armament, designated the 2A60, has a maximum range of 8000-m with a maximum rate of fire being 6 to 8 rds/min. In addition to firing former Soviet 120-mm mortar bombs, the 120-mm weapon of the 2S23 can also fire mortar bombs fired by the French Thomson-Brandt MO-120-RT-61 mortar system that is used by many countries around the world. This fires a wide range of mortar bombs including HE, HE extended range, illuminating and smoke. The direct fire sight is located to the left of the 120-mm main armament while the indirect fire sight is mounted in the turret roof on the left side. The indirect sight housing of the 2S23 appears to be slightly different from that of the earlier 2S9 (SO-120) system. Although the chassis of the 2S23 is similar to that of the BTR-80 it does have a number of differences including removal of all firing ports and their associated vision devices, removal of the side doors between the second and third road wheels, different roof hatches and removal of the commander's roof-mounted infra-red searchlight. Although the doors in the upper hull sides have been removed, a door is fitted in the lower part of the hull between the second and third wheels as an emergency exit. The 2S23 retains the amphibious characteristics of the original BTR-80 and has a single water-jet at the rear of the hull with a trim vane being mounted on the front of the vehicle. This folds back onto the glacis plate when not required. Standard equipment on the 2S23 includes an NBC system, night vision equipment and a central tire pressure regulation system that allows the driver to adjust the tire pressure to suit the type of ground being crossed.  


2S1 122-mm GVOZDIKA SELF-PROPELLED HOWITZER (SO-122)
 

2S1 122-mm GVOZDIKA SELF-PROPELLED HOWITZER (SO-122)

Weight (tons):
15.7/19.68
Speed (km/h):
61.5/50
Crew:
?
Chassis:
RT-76?
Armament:
  • 1 x 122mm gun (30-40 rounds)
    • Rate of fire: 5-8 rds/min
    • Max. Range of fire: 15.3-21.9 km
Armor:
?
Range (km):
350?
   

2S3 152-mm AKATSIA SELF-PROPELLED GUN/HOWITZER
 

2S3M 152-mm AKATSIA SP Howitzer
 
D./Weight (tons):
27.5
Speed (km/h):
63
Crew:
4
Chassis:
2S3
Armament:
  • 1 x 152mm GUN (46 rounds)
    • Rate of fire: 3.5 rds/min
    • Max. Range of fire: 17.3 km
  • 1 x 7.62mm m/gun
Armor:
13mm
Range (km):
500
  

2S5 152-mm GIATSINT-S SELF-PROPELLED GUN

D./Weight (tons):
28,2
Speed (km/h):
63
Crew:
4/5
Chassis:
2S3
Armament:
  • 1 x 155mm gun  (30 rounds)
    • Rate of fire: 5-6 rnd/min
    • Muzzle velocity: 942 m/sec 
    • Max. Range of fire: 28.2 km
  • 1 x 7.62mm m/gun
Armor:
13mm
Range (km):
500
  

2S19 152-mm MSTA-S SELF-PROPELLED ARTILLERY SYSTEM

2S19 Msta-S SP howitzer

Max firing range, km:  
HEF projectile  
HEF gas-assisted projectile 
24.7  
28.5 
Min firing range, km  6.5 
Rate of fire, rds/min
Elevation, deg 68
Depression, deg -4
Traverse, deg 360  15
Fire pattern:  
in range, Epr/Xmax  
in deflection, Epd, m 
1/374  
11 
HEF projectile weight, kg 43.56 
Onboard ammunition load, rds  50
Mount weight, t  42.5 
Crew, men 
 
 

2S7 (2S7M) PION 203-mm SELF-PROPELLED GUN (SO-203)

2S7 (2S7M) 203-mm PION Self-propelled Gun

Weight (tons):
46
Speed (km/h):
60
Crew:
7
Chassis:
?
Armament:
  • 1 x 203mm gun (30-40 rounds)
    • Rate of fire: 2 rds/min
    • Max. Range of fire: 37.5 (55.0) km
Armor:
?
Range (km):
500
 

2S4 240-mm TULPAN SELF-PROPELLED MORTAR (SM-240)

 
D./Weight (tons):
27.5
Speed (km/h):
63
Crew:
4
Chassis:
2S3
Armament:
  • 1 x 240mm mortar (20 mines or 10 ARMs)
    • Rate of fire: prob. 1 mine/min
    • Range of fire: 9.8 km - standart mine, 18 km - ARM (active-reactive mine)
  • 1 x 7.62mm m/gun
Armor:
?
Range (km):
500
 
  

 1998
Mail to Marat Kenzhetaev